Welcome, this site provides possible solutions for landlord and tenant Calgary issues. There are pages related to most landlord and tenant issues, and a forum where you can post your questions and answers.
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Landlord and Tenant Calgary – Hoarding
Hoarding can be a problem for both the landlord and a tenant in Calgary.
Understanding hoarding-what does hoarding look like? From a landlord’s perspective, a hoarding Calgary apartment may become a fire hazard because of blocked entrances and exits; it may be a safety hazard because of tripping, or possessions falling onto someone; the landlord may be unable to do maintenance because of clutter and safety risks; the apartment may be a health hazard due to poor hygiene and vermin infestation, which may affect the whole building.
From a tenant’s perspective they may believe the hoarded items are valuable; or attach a strong value to possessions others see as garbage; or see the items as collectables.
This landlord and tenant Calgary website offers help to understand and deal with hoarding; we also offer a forum for questions and answers to hoarding problems. Click the following Landlord and Tenant Calgary/Hoarding link to visit our hoarding page.
At Landlord and Tenant Calgary Some topics we look at are:
Setting Building Standards for Hoarding – Are living spaces sufficiently cluttered so as to prevent activities for which those spaces were intended.
Hoarding videos – a graphic display of what hoarding looks like.
What can happen when dealing with hoarding – the law, EMS, the Health Inspector and Fire Department?
Symptoms of Hoarding – recognizing the problem, before it gets out of hand.
Hoarding Support Groups – where to get help for both landlords and tenants.
Building Standards for Hoarding
The landlord and tenant Calgary hoarding page will try to help define what an acceptable standard of cleanliness is, and how to set a building standard based on certain aspects of a living space.
- Are living areas cluttered enough so as to prevent activities for which those areas were intended?
- Does the living room have an easily accessible path to, from and around furniture?
- Are possessions burying electrical cords and heating equipment?
- Is the bathroom clear of clutter so the tenant can take a bath, or easily keep themselves clean?
- Is the stove clear of possessions, and can the tenant cook a meal on their stove?
- Can the tenant safely use the sink, stove and fridge?
- Can you access the heat registers in all rooms if a pipe burst, or there was a leak? Are you able to get at it to repair it?
- Are all hallways and stairs clear of clutter, and would EMS or the Fire Department be able to get in?
- Is the bedroom and bed accessible by a clear walkway?
- Is the tenant in danger of falling over excessive clutter, or have clutter fall onto the tenant?
- Are there signs of mice, bedbugs or any other pests?
- Are Maintenance personnel able to access plumbing and all equipment for repair?
The Residential Tenancy Act and most leases state that an apartment must be kept in a reasonable state of cleanliness by the tenant.
In most cases, if an apartment is clean, organized, is accessible by everyone, and does not pose a health or safety hazard, then it may be reasonably clean.
If an apartment is dirty, cluttered, unhygienic, untidy and areas are not accessible, then it could be said the apartment is not reasonably clean.
Click the following Landlord and Tenant Calgary/Hoarding link to learn more about hoarding.
Landlord and Tenant Calgary – Bedbugs
First of all, bed bugs have nothing to do with how clean an apartment or building is; they can be carried into a building in second hand furniture, or on a person visiting a building; they can be picked up on public transport, a movie theater, or just about anywhere; they can be on a person’s possessions as they move into a building.
Bed bugs are small insects about the size of a Ladybug. An adult bed bug is light to reddish brown; a flat oval shape, and are 4-5mm in length and 2-3mm wide. Bed bugs can live up to a year and tend to feed every five to ten days.
All of the bed bug family of insects feed on the blood of warm blooded animals and humans.
The health effects of bed bugs can be allergic symptoms, skin rashes and psychological effects.
Bed bugs are mainly active at night and prefer to congregate where people sleep, and feed unnoticed on their hosts blood.
Bed bugs in Calgary can survive low temperatures down to an exposure to -32 degrees Centigrade; it takes a temperature of 45 degrees Centigrade or 113 degrees Fahrenheit to kill a bed bug.
Methods of detection are visual, glue traps, and dogs used to sniff out the bugs.
Methods of treatment are usually chemical or heat treatment.
Preventing Bed Bugs
It is always best to have a professional treat the problem.
Place infected clothes in sealed plastic bags, then put clothes into a dryer on high heat (high heat will kill Bed Bugs).
Put throw away items in sealed plastic bags and place in garbage.
Discard severely infested mattresses by slashing the material (to prevent anyone salvaging from dumpster) and cover in plastic poly-wrap, to prevent further infestation when carrying the mattress through the building.
Cover mattresses with a Bed Bug proof Mattress Cover (can be purchased from most exterminators or Walmart). Any bugs trapped within these bags will eventually die.
Reduce clutter to limit hiding places for bed bugs.
Thoroughly clean the infested rooms as well as others in the residence.
Scrub infested surfaces with a stiff brush to dislodge eggs, and use a powerful vacuum to remove bed bugs from cracks and crevices; and dispose of vacuum bags.
Dismantling bed frames will expose additional bed bug hiding sites. Remove drawers from desks and dressers and turn furniture over, if possible, to inspect and clean all hiding spots.
To prevent bed bugs from crawling onto a bed, pull the bed frame away from the wall, tuck sheets and blankets so they won’t contact the floor, and place the frame legs into dishes or cups of mineral oil. Caulk and seal all holes where pipes and wires penetrate walls and floor.
It can cost up to $300 an hour to clean really bad apartments.
Learn how to treat bed bugs; where to find the bed bugs; what a bed bug bite looks like. Click the link to find out all you need to know about Bedbugs in calgary-and-what-to-do-about-them.
Landlord and Tenant Calgary – Noise Complaint
Living in an apartment building can be a problem, if you have a noisy neighbor; so as a Building Manager or tenant what can you do?
Let’s look at the City bylaw which states:
No Person shall cause or permit to be caused a Continuous Sound that exceeds the greater of the following Sound Levels:
(a) 65 decibels (dBA) measured over a one (1) hour period during the Day-time; or
(b) 50 decibels (dBA) measured over a one (1) hour period during the Night-time.
“Daytime” means the period:
(i) beginning at 7:00 A.M. and ending at 10:00 P.M. of the same day on Weekdays; or
(ii) beginning at 9:00 A.M. and ending at 10:00 P.M. of the same day on a Weekend.
“Night-time” means the period beginning at 10:00 P.M. and ending the following day at:
(i) 7:00 A.M. if the following day is a Weekday; or
(ii) 9:00 A.M. if the following day is a Weekend.
Most tenants have noise problems at night, so one of the things that can be done is to call the Police, or the Building Management; most tenants may call the bylaws officer during the day.
Most landlord and tenant Calgary leases have a noise clause which may state that a tenant has the right to “quiet enjoyment” of the premises; but what does that mean? In Jenkins v Jackson, Justice Kekewich wrote that quiet enjoyment in the context of a residential lease does not mean undisturbed by noise…. though the word quiet is frequently used with reference to noise. “Quiet enjoyment” means without interference – without interruption of possession. In the context of a lease however “Quiet enjoyment” is not a guarantee of noise-free premises.
If the noise persists over time what can be done?
To learn more click on this link to visit our Noise Complaint Calgary page.
Landlord and Tenant Calgary – Building Safety
Building safety is a vital part of a tenant’s safety, and shows that the building management cares for the well being of the building and tenants.
The following is a check list for most buildings:
Adequate lighting in all interior common areas
adequate lighting on building exterior
All locks on master system
All necessary keys in lock boxes
Anti-lift and slide devices on windows and sliding doors, up to and including the third floor
Apartment doors deadbolt (1” throw) and 180 degree exterior door viewers fitted
Apartment hygiene and cleanliness
Boiler equipment-leaks (relief valves age, pump leaks, room lighting, ventilation)
Building exterior-drainage-parking-signage-snow-ice-side walks-stairs
Building structure and state of repair
Building ventilation-air exchange
Building washrooms and ventilation
Bushes and shrubs trimmed to a maximum of one metre and trees up to two metres from ground level
Common areas safety
Door closers connected
Drug use in the building……………
Click the Building Safety link to learn more about Building Safety page to learn more.
Landlord and Tenant Calgary – Self development
Over the years I have used several methods and techniques to help reduce stress, keep calm and relaxed; increase self-esteem; increase creative thinking and problem solving skills; make learning easier; increase focus; keep on track; avoid burn-out and deal with stressful situations.
Some of the methods used were Brain Gym; the Balance Board; relaxation techniques; accelerated Learning; meditation; breathing; visualization; the sensory environment; martial arts; sports and other creative hobbies; these are a few of the activities that I have found useful.
Even though I meditated, practiced Chi Gung, Brain Gym and stress reduction activities daily I still had a six week break-down where I could not work. There were some vital things missing, that I did not realize that I needed; but more about that on the Self Development page.
Most of the methods and techniques will be overviews, as I firmly believe that these activities cannot be mastered by just reading about them, they need to be taught and practiced, until they form part of a daily routine.
To learn more about these methods and techniques click on this Self Development link.